The importance of automation and robots in every manufacturing industries continues to grow. Industrial robots have replaced people in a wide selection of industries. Robots beat humans in jobs that want precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and place), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used inside a diverse selection of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

The ISO definition of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. Based on the definition it can be fixed set up or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in a variety of axes. They’re multi-functional items that can be custom-built and programmed to execute a various operations.

The most important aspects of industrial robots is that they could be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for years, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective life time of the industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. This can persistent accuracy industrial robots have become variety a part of manufacturing.

Industrial robots has sorted out into different categories according to their mechanical structure. The major types of industrial robots are:

Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They’re stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. They may be mainly used to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have their axes over the work driving them to also suitable for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes to move. They move in a x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. You can use them for factory automation requiring pick make work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It can have from two to ten or more interactive joints. Articulated robots are fitted to welding, painting and assembly.

Basic industrial robot designs might be customized with the help of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are necessary add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are utilized to move or assemble parts are samples of end effectors. End effectors are created and accustomed to sense and interact with the external environment. The conclusion effectors’ design depends on the application form requirements with the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They may be built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment including robotic arms. Machine vision is employed for that inspection of product which including semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are employed to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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